As India substantially moves towards a more evolving economy, one of the casualties has been the deteriorating state of our environment. Rapid industrialization has, unfortunately, hiked up the number of pollutants in our surroundings. One of these pollutants is wastewater. Management of wastewater through wastewater treatment plants in India has become an crucial for our cities today.
Wastewater and the Need for Wastewater Management
Wastewater is contaminated water. The 2 chief sources of water contamination are sewer water and industrial waste. With both the industrial landscape and population of India expanding at a rapid speed, wastewater volume is also rising shockingly. In addition to this is the diminishing of freshwater resources like rivers, wells, and groundwater is what we have a frightening situation. Some fear that very soon water may become a premium commodity.
Soaring levels of wastewater has gloomy consequences. This is not only unfit for consumption, but that it can mix with other water sources and contaminate it as well. For example, contaminated water falling into rivers and polluting it and when this water runs downstream adjoining other water sources like other bigger rivers, the pollution further rises. Wastewater also flows into the ground, polluting underground water sources. The result is that almost every water source is deliberately polluted today — from rivers and wells to coastal areas.
This would be catastrophic. Water is key resource for our existence and thus, persuades us to treat this situation with anything less than foremost sensitivity. Drinking water is necessary for all living beings in this world. Water is vital for livestock, the food industry, and farming. To some small extent, our nature can deal with naturally produced pollutants like human and animal waste. But however, today the enormous amount of wastewater is rising like never before hence we need to understand that this cannot be managed by nature alone.